Chapter 4 endnote 43, from Lisa Feldman Barrett.
Some context is:
Scientists in Israel found that judges were significantly more likely to deny parole to a prisoner if the hearing was just before lunchtime.
Philosophers call this phenomenon “world-focused” affect.
A simple quiz
In each set of statements, identify which ones represent world-focused affect.
Statement set A:
- That guy who cut me off is an asshole!
- I am furious with that guy who cut me off!
- I am furious with that asshole who cut me off!
Statement set B:
- I like that song.
- That song sounds magnificent.
Statement set C:
- Chocolate is the best!
- Chocolate is delicious.
- Chocolate is one of my favorite things.
- I enjoy a good piece of chocolate.
- Set A: Statements 1 and 3. Number 3 is both self-focused ("I am furious") and world-focused ("that asshole").
- Set B: Statement 2.
- Set C: Statements 1, 2, and 4. Statement 4 is both self-focused ("I enjoy") and world-focused ("a good piece").
Notes on the Notes
- Lambie, John A., and Anthony J. Marcel. 2002. "Consciousness and the varieties of emotion experience: a theoretical framework." Psychological Review 109 (2): 219-259.
- Stafford, Tom. 2016. "Rational Judges, Not Extraneous Factors in Decisions." Mind Hacks, December 8.
- Glöckner, Andreas. 2016. "The irrational hungry judge effect revisited: Simulations reveal that the magnitude of the effect is overestimated." Judgment and Decision Making 11 (6): 601-610