Synchrony

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Chapter 13 endnote 15, from How Emotions are Made: The Secret Life of the Brain by Lisa Feldman Barrett.
Some context is:

...your neurons influence one another not only through direct connections but indirectly through the outside environment, in an interaction with me. We are performing a synchronized dance of prediction and action, regulating each other’s body budgets. This same synchrony is the basis of social connection and empathy; it makes people trust and like each other, and it’s crucial for parent-infant bonding.

Other names for synchrony include mimicry,[1] attunement,[2] co-regulation,[3][4] mirroring,[5] and "emotional contagion" (although the use of the word "emotion" is misplaced here),[6] not to mention "reciprocity," "contingency,"[7] "coordination,"[8][9] "concordance," "coupling," and "mutuality."

For more about synchrony, see these references.[10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]


Notes on the Notes

  1. Chartrand, Tanya L., and John A. Bargh. 1999. "The chameleon effect: the perception–behavior link and social interaction." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 76 (6): 893-910.
  2. Stern, Daniel N., Lynne Hofer, Wendy Haft, and John Dore. 1985. "Affect attunement: The sharing of feeling states between mother and infant by means of inter-modal fluency." In Social Perception in Infants, edited by Tiffany Field and Nathan Fox, 249-268. New York: Ablex Publishing.
  3. Reddy, Vasudevi, David Hay, Lynne Murray, and Colwyn Trevarthen. 1997. "Communication in infancy: Mutual regulation of affect and attention." In Infant Development: Recent Advances , edited by J. Gavin Bremner and George Butterworth, 247-273. East Sussex, UK: Erlbaum.
  4. Evans, Cortney A., and Christin L. Porter. 2009. "The emergence of mother–infant co-regulation during the first year: Links to infants’ developmental status and attachment." Infant Behavior and Development 32 (2): 147-158.
  5. Hasson, Uri, and Chris D. Frith. 2016. "Mirroring and beyond: coupled dynamics as a generalized framework for modelling social interactions." Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 371 (1693): 20150366.
  6. Hatfield, E., Cacioppo, J. T., and Rapson, R. L. 1992. "Primitive emotional contagion." In Review of Personality and Social Psychology: Emotion and Social Behavior, edited by Margaret S. Clark, 151–177. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
  7. Fonagy, Peter. 2006. "The mentalization-focused approach to social development." In The Handbook of Mentalization-Based Treatment , edited by Jon G. Allen and Peter Fonagy, 53-100. West Sussex, England: Wiley.
  8. Katherine Weinberg, M., Karen L. Olson, Marjorie Beeghly, and Edward Z. Tronick. 2006. "Making up is hard to do, especially for mothers with high levels of depressive symptoms and their infant sons." Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 47 (7): 670-683.
  9. Jaffe, Joseph, Beatrice Beebe, Stanley Feldstein, Cynthia L. Crown, Michael D. Jasnow, Philippe Rochat, and Daniel N. Stern. 2001. "Rhythms of dialogue in infancy: Coordinated timing in development." In Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development 66 (2): i-viii, 1-132.
  10. Feldman, Ruth. 2007. "Parent–infant synchrony and the construction of shared timing; physiological precursors, developmental outcomes, and risk conditions." Journal of Child psychology and Psychiatry 48 (3‐4): 329-354.
  11. Konvalinka, Ivana, Dimitris Xygalatas, Joseph Bulbulia, Uffe Schjødt, Else-Marie Jegindø, Sebastian Wallot, Guy Van Orden, and Andreas Roepstorff. 2011. "Synchronized arousal between performers and related spectators in a fire-walking ritual." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108 (20): 8514-8519.
  12. Lee, Jin Joo, W. Bradley Knox, Jolie B. Wormwood, Cynthia Breazeal, and David DeSteno. 2013. "Computationally modeling interpersonal trust." Frontiers in Psychology 4. DOI 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00893.
  13. Feldman, Ruth. 2007. "Parent–infant synchrony biological foundations and developmental outcomes." Current Directions in Psychological Science 16 (6): 340-345.
  14. Atzil, Shir, Talma Hendler, and Ruth Feldman. 2014. "The brain basis of social synchrony." Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience 9 (8): 1193-1202.
  15. Feldman, Ruth. 2016. "The neurobiology of mammalian parenting and the biosocial context of human caregiving." Hormones & Behavior 77: 3-17
  16. Atzil, Shir, Alexandra Touroutoglou, Tali Rudy, Stephanie Salcedo, Ruth Feldman, Jacob M. Hooker, Bradford C. Dickerson, Ciprian Catana, and Lisa Feldman Barrett. 2017.  "The chemistry of human bonding: A role for dopamine."  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1612233114.
  17. Leclère, Chloë, Sylvie Viaux, Marie Avril, Catherine Achard, Mohamed Chetouani, Sylvain Missonnier, and David Cohen. 2014. "Why synchrony matters during mother-child interactions: a systematic review." PLoS One 9 (12): e113571.