Cultures without fear

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Chapter 7 endnote 21, from How Emotions are Made: The Secret Life of the Brain by Lisa Feldman Barrett.
Some context is:

“Fear” exists in many cultures (but not all, such as the !Kung people of the Kalahari Desert)...

Several languages have no word (or concept) for fear. The !Kung who live in the Kalahari Desert in Namibia, for example, use the word, kua, to refer to a blend of awe, respect, and fear; that is, awe, respect, and fear are properties of the concept "Kua."[1] The Australian aboriginal language Gidjingali has a single word, gurakadj, to refer to a blend of fear and shame.[2]


Notes on the Notes

  1. Shostak, Marjorie. 1983. Nisa: The Life and Words of a !Kung Woman. Vintage.
  2. Hiatt, Leslie R. 1978. "Classification of the emotions." Australian Aboriginal Concepts, 185. Cited in Wierzbicka, Anna. 1986. “Human Emotions: Universal or Culture-Specific?” American Anthropologist 88 (3): 584–594.