Control network

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Chapter 6 endnote 14, from How Emotions are Made: The Secret Life of the Brain by Lisa Feldman Barrett.
Some context is:

Each time you categorize with concepts, your brain creates many competing predictions while being bombarded by sensory input. Which predictions should be the winners? Which sensory input is important, and which is just noise? Your brain has a network to help resolve these uncertainties, known as your control network. [...] Scientists have identified three overlapping, intrinsic networks for this purpose (e.g., Power et al. 2011).

Scientists have identified three overlapping, intrinsic networks for controlling processing in the brain. They are:

  1. The frontoparietal control network (a.k.a., the executive control network).[1][2]
  2. The cingulo-opercular network (a.k.a., the ventral attention or salience network; very similar to the multimodal integration network).[2][3][4][5]
  3. The dorsal attention network.[5]

The three networks have brain regions in common (including ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, or Broca’s area and the dorsal portion of the anterior insula) and often work together (when they are called the "task positive" network or the "multiple demand" network).[6][7] It’s still an area of active research to determine if the three networks serve different functions, but it seems like the dorsal attention network might be more specific to visual attention and the processing of visual prediction errors. The frontoparietal control network may manage predictions at different time scales. The salience network may manage prediction errors more generally (by predicting which errors are important to learn because they impact your body budget).[8]

These distinctions do not matter for our purposes, so I just call the whole shebang a “control network.”


Notes on the Notes

  1. Vincent, Justin L., Itamar Kahn, Abraham Z. Snyder, Marcus E. Raichle, and Randy L. Buckner. 2008. "Evidence for a frontoparietal control system revealed by intrinsic functional connectivity." Journal of Neurophysiology 100 (6): 3328-3342.    
  2. 2.0 2.1 Seeley, William W., Vinod Menon, Alan F. Schatzberg, Jennifer Keller, Gary H. Glover, Heather Kenna, Allan L. Reiss, and Michael D. Greicius. 2007. "Dissociable intrinsic connectivity networks for salience processing and executive control." Journal of Neuroscience 27 (9): 2349-2356.
  3. Dosenbach, Nico UF, Damien A. Fair, Francis M. Miezin, Alexander L. Cohen, Kristin K. Wenger, Ronny AT Dosenbach, Michael D. Fox et al. 2007. "Distinct brain networks for adaptive and stable task control in humans." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104 (26): 11073-11078.
  4. Sepulcre, Jorge, Mert R. Sabuncu, Thomas B. Yeo, Hesheng Liu, and Keith A. Johnson. 2012. "Stepwise connectivity of the modal cortex reveals the multimodal organization of the human brain." The Journal of Neuroscience 32 (31): 10649-10661.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Corbetta, Maurizio, and Gordon L. Shulman. 2002. "Control of goal-directed and stimulus-driven attention in the brain." Nature Reviews Neuroscience 3 (3): 201-215.
  6. Fox, Michael D., Abraham Z. Snyder, Justin L. Vincent, Maurizio Corbetta, David C. Van Essen, and Marcus E. Raichle. 2005. "The human brain is intrinsically organized into dynamic, anticorrelated functional networks." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 102 (27): 9673-9678.
  7. Fedorenko, Evelina, John Duncan, and Nancy Kanwisher. 2013. "Broad domain generality in focal regions of frontal and parietal cortex." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110 (41): 16616-16621.
  8. Barrett, Lisa Feldman. 2017. "The theory of constructed emotion: an active inference account of interoception and categorization." Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience 12 (1): 1-23.