Constructionist theories in psychology and neuroscience

From How Emotions Are Made
Jump to: navigation, search

Chapter 2 endnote 11, from How Emotions are Made: The Secret Life of the Brain by Lisa Feldman Barrett.
Some context is:

Construction is based on a very old set of ideas that date back to Ancient Greece, when the philosopher Heraclitus famously wrote, “No man ever steps in the same river twice,” because only a mind perceives an ever-changing river as a distinct body of water. Today, constructionism spans many topics including memory, perception, mental illness, and, of course, emotion.

A smattering of history: The German psychologist Hermann von Helmholtz, a contemporary of Wundt and James, wrote that we construct perceptions of objects through “unconscious inferences” based on prior experience and learning. Gestalt psychology, from the early 20th century, understood perception as an emergent product that is greater than the sum of its parts. In the 1950s, the cognitive revolution brought psychologist Jerome Bruner wading into construction territory, proposing that we actively construct an explanation for sensations using prior beliefs, going beyond the information given by the world. These ideas formed the basis of his influential book, Acts of Meaning, in 1990. Even behaviorism can be thought of as a constructionist approach (where all behavior results from a common set of learning principles). Within neuroscience, there were early arguments against the strong localizationist ideas of Paul Broca.[1] There is even an active scientific literature on memories as constructed phenomena dating back to the 1930s.[2]

Examples of constructionist thinking in psychology and neuroscience: [3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14]

Examples of older constructionist treatments of emotion: [15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26]

Examples of modern constructionist theories of emotion: [27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38]

Reviews: [39][40][41]

Notes on the Notes

  1. For a discussion, see Harrington, Anne. 1987. Medicine, Mind, and the Double Brain: A Study in Nineteenth-Century Thought. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  2. Schacter, Daniel L. 1996. Searching for Memory: The Brain, the Mind, and the Past. New York: Basic Books.
  3. Barrett, Lisa Feldman and Ajay B. Satpute. 2013. "Large-scale brain networks in affective and social neuroscience:  Towards an integrative architecture of the human brain." Current Opinion in Neurobiology 23 (3): 361-372.
  4. Bechtel, William. 2008. Mental Mechanisms: Philosophical Perspectives on Cognitive Neuroscience. London: Routledge.
  5. Bruner, Jerome S. 1990. Acts of Meaning. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  6. Hassabis, Demis, and Eleanor A. Maguire. 2009. "The construction system of the brain." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 364 (1521): 1263-1271.
  7. Jablonski, Nina G. 2012. Living Color: The Biological and Social Meaning of Skin Color. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  8. Lindquist, Kristen A. and Lisa Feldman Barrett. 2012. "A functional architecture of the human brain: Insights from Emotion." Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16: 533-540.
  9. Mareschal, Denis, Mark H. Johnson, Sylvain Sirois, Michael W. Spartling, Michael S. C. Thomas, and Gert Westermann. 2007. Neuroconstructivism—I: How the Brain Constructs Cognition. New York: Oxford University Press.
  10. Menon, Vinod. 2011. "Large-scale brain networks and psychopathology: a unifying triple network model." Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (10): 483-506.
  11. Neisser, Ulric. 1967. Cognitive Psychology. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.
  12. Schacter, Daniel L. 2012. "Adaptive constructive memory processes and the future of memory." American Psychologist 67 (8): 603–613.
  13. Schacter, Daniel L., and D. R. Addis. 2007. "The cognitive neuroscience of constructive memory: Remembering the past and imagining the future." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 362 (1481): 773–786.
  14. Xu, Fei, and Tamar Kushnir. 2013. "Infants are rational constructivist learners." Current Directions in Psychological Science 22 (1): 28-32.
  15. Duffy, Elizabeth. 1934. "Is emotion a mere term of convenience?" Psychological Review 41 (1): 103–104.
  16. Duffy, Elizabeth. 1934. "Emotion: An example of the need for reorientation in psychology." Psychological Review 41 (2): 184–198, p. 186.
  17. Duffy, Elizabeth. 1941. "An explanation of 'emotional' phenomena without use of the concept 'emotion.'" The General Journal of Psychology 25 (2): 283–293.
  18. Harlow, Harry F. and Ross Stagner. 1932. "Psychology of feelings and emotions. I. Theory of feelings." Psychological Review 39 (6): 570-589, p. 572.
  19. Harlow, Harry F. and Ross Stagner. 1933. "Psychology of feelings and emotions. II. Theory of emotions." Psychological Review 40 (2): 184-195, p. 193.
  20. Hunt, William A. 1941. "Recent developments in the field of emotion." Psychological Bulletin 38 (5): 249–276.
  21. James, William. 1884. "What is an emotion?" Mind 9: 188-205.
  22. Mandler, George. 1975. Mind and Emotion. New York: Wiley.
  23. Mandler, George. 1990. "William James and the construction of emotion." Psychological Science 1 (3): 179–180.
  24. Schachter, Stanley, and Jerome Singer. 1962. "Cognitive, social, and physiological determinants of emotional state." Psychological Review 69 (5): 379–399.
  25. Wundt, Wilhelm. 1894 (1998). Lectures on Human and Animal Psychology (S. E. Creigton & E. B. Titchener, translators). New York: Macmillan.
  26. Wundt, Wilhelm. 1897 (1998). Outlines of Psychology (C. H. Judd, translator). Bristol, UK: Thoemmes Press.
  27. Lane, Richard, and Gary E. Schwartz. 1987. "Levels of emotional awareness: A cognitive-developmental theory and its application to psychopathology." American Journal of Psychiatry 144: 133–143.
  28. LeDoux, Joseph E. 2012. "Rethinking the emotional brain." Neuron 73 (4): 653–676.
  29. LeDoux, Joseph E. 2014. "Coming to terms with fear." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111 (8): 2871-2878.
  30. Olsson, Andreas, and Kevin N. Ochsner. 2008. "The role of social cognition in emotion." Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (2): 65-71.
  31. Roy, Mathieu, Daphna Shohamy, and Tor D. Wager. 2012. "Ventromedial prefrontal-subcortical systems and the generation of affective meaning." Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (3): 147-156.
  32. Russell, James A. 2003. "Core affect and the psychological construction of emotion." Psychological Review 110 (1): 145.
  33. Seth, Anil K. 2013. "Interoceptive inference, emotion, and the embodied self." Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (11): 565-573.
  34. Uddin, Lucina Q., Joshua Kinnison, Luiz Pessoa, and Michael L. Anderson. 2014. "Beyond the tripartite cognition–emotion–interoception model of the human insular cortex." Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 26 (1): 16-27.
  35. Clore, Gerald L., and Andrew Ortony. 2013. "Psychological construction in the OCC model of emotion." Emotion Review 5 (4): 335-343.
  36. Cunningham, William A., Kristen A. Dunfield, and Paul E. Stillman. 2013. "Emotional states from affective dynamics." Emotion Review 5 (4): 344-355.
  37. Boiger, Michael, and Batja Mesquita. 2012. "The construction of emotion in interactions, relationships, and cultures." Emotion Review 4 (3): 221-229.    
  38. Spunt, Robert P., and Matthew D. Lieberman. 2012. "An integrative model of the neural systems supporting the comprehension of observed emotional behavior." Neuroimage 59 (3): 3050-3059.
  39. Barrett, Lisa Feldman. 2013. "Psychological construction: A Darwinian approach to the science of emotion."  Emotion Review 5: 379-389.
  40. Barrett, Lisa Feldman, and James A. Russell. 2015. The Psychological Construction of Emotion. New York: Guilford.
  41. Gendron, Maria, and Lisa Feldman Barrett. 2009. "Reconstructing the past: A century of ideas about emotion in psychology." Emotion Review 1 (4): 316-339.