Children growing up in poverty

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Chapter 4 endnote 34, from How Emotions are Made: The Secret Life of the Brain by Lisa Feldman Barrett.
Some context is:

If you grow up in poverty, a situation that leads to chronic body-budget imbalance and an overactive immune system, these body-budgeting problems are reduced if you have a supportive person in your life.

Children who grow up in adverse environments, without an adult to help regulate their body budgets, develop brains that are wired for mental and physical illness.[1] More generally, children who are securely bonded to their caregivers develop brains that are better at body budgeting.[2]

See also

Notes on the Notes

  1. Callaghan, Bridget L, Regina M Sullivan, Brittany Howell, and Nim Tottenham. 2014. "The International Society for Developmental Psychobiology Sackler Symposium: Early Adversity and the Maturation of Emotion Circuits—a Cross‐Species Analysis." Developmental Psychobiology 56 (8): 1635-1650
  2. Gee, Dylan G, Laurel Gabard-Durnam, Eva H Telzer, Kathryn L Humphreys, Bonnie Goff, Mor Shapiro, Jessica Flannery, et al. 2014. "Maternal Buffering of Human Amygdala-Prefrontal Circuitry During Childhood but Not During Adolescence." Psychological Science 25 (11): 2067–2078.