Goals of anger
Chapter 5 endnote 37, from Lisa Feldman Barrett.
Some context is:
[Ch 5 note 37] “Anger” can also be for protecting oneself against an offense, dealing with someone who acted unfairly, desiring aggression toward another person, wanting to win a competition or to enhance performance in some way, or wishing to appear powerful.
[Ch 6 note 2] You could be angry with a different goal, like changing your boss’s mind, or maintaining social relations with the coworker who got the promotion in your place.
Other goals related to the concept "Anger" include:
- Protecting against a demeaning offense;
- Someone acted unfairly
- Desire to aggress
- To protect against a hostile threat
- To signal dominance
- To repair social connections
- To win a competition
- To enhance self-insight
- To win negotiations
- To appear powerful
- To enhance performance
- To lash out when frustrated or when feeling threat to self-worth
- To defend when feeling antagonized
Notes on the Notes
- Smith, Craig A. and Richard S. Lazarus. 1993. "Appraisal components, core relational themes, and the emotions." Cognition and Emotion. 7: 233-263.
- de Rivera, J. 1981b. The structure of anger. In J. de Rivera (Ed.), Conceptual encounter: A method for the exploration of human experience (pp. 35-81). Washington, DC: University Press of America.
- Ceulemans, Eva, Peter Kuppens, and Iven Van Mechelen. 2012. "Capturing the structure of distinct types of individual differences in the situation‐specific experience of emotions: The case of anger." European Journal of Personality 26 (5): 484-495
- Batja Mesquita [full reference to be provided]
- Baumeister et al., 1990. [full reference to be provided]
- Kim, Y. Min, Brett Q. Ford, Iris Mauss, and Maya Tamir. 2015. "Knowing when to seek anger: Psychological health and context-sensitive emotional preferences." Cognition and Emotion, 29(6):1126-36.
- Kassinove et al., 1997. [full reference to be provided]
- Van Kleef, Gerben A., and Stéphane Côté. 2007. "Expressing anger in conflict: when it helps and when it hurts." Journal of Applied Psychology 92 (6): 1557-1569.
- Sinaceur, Marwan, and Larissa Z Tiedens. 2006. "Get mad and get more than even: When and why anger expression is effective in negotiations." Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 42 (3): 314-322.
- Tamir, Maya, Christopher Mitchell, and James J. Gross. 2008. "Hedonic and Instrumental Motives in Anger Regulation." Psychological Science 19 (4): 324-328.